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Uniform Civil Code(UCC) in India

Image Courtesy: Jagran Josh

The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is a proposal in India to formulate and implement personal laws of citizens which apply on all citizens equally regardless of their religion, gender and sexual orientation. Currently, personal laws of various communities are governed by their religious scriptures. Implementation of a uniform civil code across the nation is one of the contentious promises pursued by India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party.

Article 44 of the Constitution of India states that the state “shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.” However, there is no specific definition of what a UCC would entail, and there is no consensus on whether or not it is even feasible or desirable.

Proponents of the UCC argue that it would promote gender equality, secularism, and national integration. They point out that the current system of personal laws is discriminatory against women, and that it allows for different standards of justice depending on one’s religion. They also argue that a UCC would help to create a more cohesive national identity.

Opponents of the UCC argue that it would violate religious freedom and that it would be difficult to implement. They point out that the personal laws of different religious communities are deeply rooted in their cultures and traditions, and that any attempt to replace them would be met with resistance. They also argue that a UCC would be difficult to enforce, as it would be challenged in court by religious groups.

The debate over the UCC is likely to continue for many years to come. There are strong arguments on both sides of the issue, and it is unclear whether or not a UCC will ever be implemented in India.

Here are some of the pros and cons of the Uniform Civil Code:


  • Promotes gender equality
  • Promotes secularism
  • Creates a more cohesive national identity
  • Reduces discrimination
  • Provides a more just and equitable system of laws


  • Violates religious freedom
  • Difficult to implement
  • Difficult to enforce
  • Meets with resistance from religious groups

Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to implement a Uniform Civil Code is a complex one that must be made by the people of India. There are strong arguments on both sides of the issue, and it is important to weigh the pros and cons carefully before making a decision.


  1. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Civil_Code
  2. mutiny.wordpress.com/2007/02/07/uniform-civil-code/
  3. books.google.com/books?id=ujw6AQAAIAAJ